Fitch cuts Italy’s gov’t debt grade, auto plants reopening

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A worker disinfects the roof terrace of the Atlantic hotel, in Rome, Wednesday, April 29, 2020. After seven weeks in lockdown to contain one of the world’s worst outbreaks of COVID-19, Italians are regaining some freedoms, starting on May 4, public parks and gardens will re-open and people will be able to visit relatives who live in the same region. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

The outbreak of the coronavirus has dealt a shock to the global economy with unprecedented speed. Following are developments Wednesday related to the global economy, the work place and the spread of the virus.

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CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS & BANKS: Countries are slowly trying to reopen their economiesin phases, as infections wane in some locations and calls for getting back to businessgrow. Meanwhile, signs of the economic damage from the virus are widespread.

— The U.S. economy shrank at a 4.8% annual rate last quarter. With much of the economy paralyzed, the Congressional Budget Office has estimated that economic activity will plunge this quarter at a 40% annual rate. The sudden downturn will likely ending the longest expansion on record.

— Ratings agency Fitch cut Italy’s government debt grade, the first downgrade to a major economy to reflect the surge in public debt that is expected to hit countries dealing with the vast costs of the coronavirus lockdown. Fitch expects the outbreak to shrink the Italian economy by 8% this year and that there’s a risk of a deeper downturn.

— The United Nations’ main labor body is again raising its prediction of job losses due to the pandemic. It is estimating the equivalent of 305 million full-time jobs could be lost in the second quarter, up from a prior estimate for the equivalent of 195 million full-time job losses. The estimate is based on an average 48-hour workweek.

AIRLINES: The aviation industry continues to struggle to stay afloat, with travel demand all but gone and thousands of jetsgrounded worldwide.

— Boeingsaid it is cutting 10% of its workforce and reducing the production rate of commercial jets. The aircraft manufacturer announced the moves as it reported that it swung to a loss during the first quarter. Rival Airbusreported a big loss in the first quarter, put thousands of workers on furlough and sought billions in loans to survive.

— Scandinavian Airlines is looking to reduce its workforce by up to 5,000 full-time positions — or half its workforce — mainly in its home region of Scandinavia.

LODGING: Weak travel demand is also clobbering the lodging industry, with many hotels working on safely reopening but also in desperate need of cash.

— Hyatt is working with the Global Biorisk Advisory Council — a team of disease response experts — on a cleaning and disinfection program that will be introduced at its 900 hotels worldwide next month. The company is appointing hygiene managers at all of its properties. Hilton, Marriott and Airbnbalso announced enhanced cleaning policies this week in an effort to reassure travelers.

AUTOMOBILES: Automakers are starting to delay previously announced plans to reopen factories that were closed to protect workers from the coronavirus. This time the delay is largely due to trouble getting enough parts.

Toyota said Wednesday it will postpone the restart of its North American factories by a week until May 11 “based on an extensive review with our supplier and logistics network.”

Volkswagen’s Chattanooga, Tennessee, assembly factory was to resume production on May 3, but the company announced Wednesday that restarting would be delayed indefinitely. VW says it will weigh the readiness of parts-making companies and market demand before it decides on a date.

Toyota has large assembly operations in Kentucky, Texas, Indiana and Mississippi as well as engine and transmission factories in other states.

— With demand for rides plummeting, Lyft is laying off 982 people, or 17% of its workforce, the company said in a regulatory filing Wednesday. The San Francisco-based ride-hailing company expects to incur $28 million to $36 million in charges related to employee severance and benefit costs. Lyft will also furlough 288 employees and reduced salaries by 10% to 30%

— Renault restarted assembly lines Tuesday for its Zoe electric cars at a plant in Flins, though only a quarter of staff is allowed in so far. The company has resumed some activity at plants in China, Spain, Portugal, Russia and Romania, but work remains halted in India, Latin America and most facilities in France.

— Toyota workers came back this week to a plant in Onnaing, France, that used to churn out more than 1,000 Yaris cars a day.

QUARANTINE 15: Companies are continuing to find ways to keep consumers buying amid lockdowns, which is leading to a surge in online sales and some rethinking their business plans.

— The virus outbreak is accelerating WW International’s plans to move more of its business online. The New York-based weight management company, formerly known as Weight Watchers, will consolidate the number of its branded studios, which now total 800 in the U.S. Overall, it has in-person workshops in 3,300 U.S. locations, which serve about a quarter of its members. Those locations were closed last month as WW moved the sessions online.

CABLE DISCOUNTS: New York’s attorney general is asking cable companies to give customers discounts or some other financial relief because their sports channels are devoid of live sports. Costs for sports networks like ESPN, FS1 and regional channels like the Yankees’ YES Network make up about $20 of customers’ monthly cable bills. Sports leagues have postponed or canceled games and events because of the coronavirus pandemic, and it’s not clear when they can return.

MARKETS: This is the busiest week of theearnings season, with companies facing a lot of uncertainty as they deal with the pandemic.

— Stocks charged higheraround the world Wednesday following an encouraging report on a possible treatment for COVID-19.

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