All changes to the Alabama state constitution pass in 2018. Amendment 1 passes with 72 percent of the vote. From previous coverage from our sister station:
[Amendment 1] allows display of the Ten Commandments on public property and at schools so long as the display meets constitutional requirements, such as being displayed along with historical or educational items. However, the amendment prohibits the use of public funds in defense of the constitutionality of the amendment,
Amendment 2 passes with 59% of the vote.
What it means: A ‘yes’ vote simply creates a state policy, it does not change any laws. If the majority of people vote yes, it would create a public policy in Alabama that the state recognizes and supports the sanctity of unborn life and the rights of unborn children. The policy also would state that Alabama’s constitution does not include a right to abortion or require that taxpayer dollars are used to fund abortions. The amendment would not make it illegal to have an abortion in Alabama. Federal laws currently prohibit that. It could, however, have ramifications in the future, if for example, Roe v. Wade were overturned at the federal level. Even in that case, Alabama legislators still would have to vote to change any abortion laws in the state. The amendment also would not immediately change any laws regarding the public funding of abortion.
Amendment 3 passes with 60% of the vote.
The State Superintendent of Education would no longer have automatic membership on the board of trustees (although according to Merrill, that person could still be on the board if nominated and confirmed). A majority ‘yes’ vote also would allow board members to continue serving past age 70. The other part about congressional districts relates to the number of board members. If the majority of people vote yes, then the number of board members will be based on the number of districts in place as of Jan. 2018 and will not change even if the number of congressional districts in Alabama changes in the future. Current law dictates that the number of board members can change if the number of congressional districts changes.
Amendment 4, originally sponsored by outgoing Mobile County State Senator Rusty Glover also passes with 66% of the vote.
What it means: Under current law, special elections are used to fill vacant House and Senate seats in Alabama. What you’re deciding here is whether that should continue in a certain situation: if a seat becomes vacant after Oct. 1 in the third year of a representative’s four-year term. By voting yes, you’re saying that special elections should no longer be used to fill vacant seats in this situation; those seats instead would be filled in the next general election. This means that a seat could go as long as 14 months without being filled.