LEE COUNTY, Ala. (WRBL) – All Alabama homeowners are eligible for a $3,000 Alabama tax credit for storm shelters installed after January 1, 2022. The credit is not retroactive. The legislation, spearheaded by Auburn Representative Joe Lovvorn, honors the lives lost in Lee County during the March 3rd tornadoes.
Earlier this year, Troy Hardey showed News 3 the storm shelter he installed next to his Lee County Home.
“It’s six or seven inches thick and weighs about 33,000 pounds and is built to withstand an EF-5. I hope we never have to use it, but just having it here gives us a sense of security,” said Hardey.
Hardey’s family survived the March 3 tornados. They threw a mattress over their young grandchild and rode out the storm. However, the damage to their property was significant. After the catastrophe, Hardey and 157 Lee County Families applied for a FEMA shelter grant earning them a 75-percent reimbursement. Unfortunately, the grant is now closed. However, starting the first of 2022, Alabama families are eligible for a state tax credit for constructing, acquiring, or installing a qualified storm shelter. The credit will be up to 50% of the cost up to $3000.
“We set a cap of $2 million per year for three years. Serving as a first responder to many tornadoes over the years, I feel we must find ways for the people of Alabama to prioritize safety. This bill would allow them to recoup some of their investment through tax savings. A storm shelter tax credit is not a solution for all, but it is another way to return tax savings to the people that could save their life,” said Joe Lovvorn, Alabama House District 79 Representative.
Lee County Emergency Management Agency Director Rita Smith says the requirements are specific. The tax credit is not retroactive. The shelter needs to be FEMA approved, capable of withstanding an EF-5 tornado and built on your property. The paperwork will be processed through the Alabama Emergency Management Agency and Alabama’s Revenue Department. The agency is in the process of setting up a website to help Alabama families navigate the paperwork. Smith says local EMA’s are here to help families figure out the details.
“If you call us, we are going to guide you and tell you what to do,” said Smith.
Read the legislation: Ala. Code § 40-NEW
Current with legislation from the 2021 Second Special Session.
Section 40-NEW – Definitions; tax credit for storm shelters
(a) As used in this act, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(1) MANUFACTURED HOME. Any structure built to the Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards which displays a red certification label on the exterior of each transportable section.
(2) PRIMARY RESIDENCE. Any manufactured home or single family residence building that is the full-time legal residence of the taxpayer and is used for purposes of the taxpayer’s income tax calculation.
(3) QUALIFIED STORM SHELTER. A storm shelter or safe room to which all of the following apply:
a. The design is capable of withstanding an EF5 tornado.
b. The shelter or room is placed in service as an attachment to the taxpayer’s primary residence, or on the same lot or parcel as the primary residence, and no other qualified storm shelter is attached to the primary residence or on the lot.
c. The shelter or room meets or exceeds the most recent Federal Emergency Management Agency minimum criteria for the design, construction, and operation of residential safe rooms.
d. The shelter or room is built on the site of the taxpayer’s primary residence or is manufactured offsite and installed on the site of the taxpayer’s primary residence.
(4) SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENCE BUILDING. A structure designed according to the International Residential Codes or its predecessor codes.
(b) An Alabama income tax credit is established for eligible taxpayers who incur costs for the construction, acquisition, or installation of a qualified storm shelter at their primary residence in the state. The tax credit shall equal three thousand dollars ($3,000) or 50 percent of the total cost of the construction, acquisition, and installation of the qualified storm shelter at the primary residence, whichever is less. The total costs for purposes of the tax credit calculation under this subsection shall exclude any costs reimbursed or expected to be reimbursed by any other entity including, but not limited to, insurance reimbursements, grants, or other government subsidies or incentives. The tax credit must be taken in the tax year in which the taxpayer was issued a tax credit certificate under subsection (f).
(c) The tax credit issued under this act may not decrease a taxpayer’s tax liability to less than zero. If the tax liability of the taxpayer is less than the tax credit issued under this act, the taxpayer may only utilize the amount of the credit that reduces the taxpayer liability to zero. The tax credit is not refundable nor transferable and may not be carried forward. A taxpayer applying for the tax credit shall only apply for the tax credit for the year in which the qualified storm shelter was acquired, constructed, or installed, regardless of the tax liability of the taxpayer.
(d) The Department of Revenue shall grant the tax credit against the state income tax that is due by the taxpayer holding the tax credit certificate issued under subsection (f) in the amount stated on the tax credit certificate, subject to the limitations of subsection (c). The department may audit and reassess any credit improperly obtained by the taxpayer, in accordance with the Alabama Taxpayers’ Bill of Rights and Uniform Revenue Procedures Act under Chapter 2A of Title 40, Code of Alabama 1975.
(e) The tax credit authorized by this act is limited to an aggregate amount for all taxpayers of two million dollars ($2,000,000) annually.
(f) Prior to claiming the income tax credit authorized under subsection (b), the taxpayer shall file an annual informational report in a manner prescribed by the Alabama Emergency Management Agency, which includes information reflecting the costs for construction, acquisition, or installation of the qualified storm shelter at the primary residence, along with additional information as required by the Alabama Emergency Management Agency. Following the receipt of all information required by this subsection, the Alabama Emergency Management Agency shall issue a tax credit certificate to the taxpayer seeking the credit. Tax credit certificates shall be issued on a first come, first served basis until the annual cap provided by subsection (e) is met. In the event the reservations of tax credits equal the total amount available for reservations during the tax year, all eligible taxpayers with applications then awaiting approval or thereafter submitted shall be notified in a manner as prescribed by the Alabama Emergency Management Agency that no additional tax credits shall be granted during that tax year and, notwithstanding subsection (b), shall be allowed to seek a tax credit certificate in the next tax year, subject to the limitations of subsection (c).
(g) The Alabama Emergency Management Agency shall prepare a report detailing the number of qualified storm shelters constructed, acquired, and installed and the amount of tax credits claimed under this act. The information on the report shall be consistent with the information required under Section 40-1-50, Code of Alabama 1975, and rules adopted by the Department of Revenue. Information provided under this section is exempt from the confidentiality provisions of Section 40-2A-10, Code of Alabama 1975, and shall be provided by the Alabama Emergency Management Agency to the Legislature in accordance with Section 40-1-50, Code of Alabama 1975, and rules adopted by the Department of Revenue.
(h) The Alabama Emergency Management Agency may adopt rules to implement and administer this act.
(i) The tax credit allowed under this section shall be effective January 1, 2022, for the 2022 tax year, and shall continue through the 2025 tax year, unless continued by an act of the Legislature.
Ala. Code § 40-NEW (1975)
Added by Act 2021-540,§ 1, eff. 8/1/2021.