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The National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) has analyzed trends in the numbers of post-graduate year one (PGY-1) residency positions available in the United States and graduation and match rates among students in U.S. medical schools.
Washington, D.C (PRWEB) February 05, 2014
The National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) has released First-Year Graduate Medical Education in the United States 2002-2013, a trend analysis comparing PGY-1 training positions in the United States to medical student graduation and match rates. Analysis revealed that since 2002, the number of available PGY-1 positions in the NRMP Main Residency Match® has grown by 28 percent and the number of students graduating from U.S. allopathic medical schools has increased by 16 percent. The number of graduating osteopathic students has increased more than 75 percent since 2002, and each year more than half of those students participate in the Match.
Despite enrollment growth, the combined number of graduating students from U.S. allopathic and osteopathic medical schools has remained lower than the total number of PGY-1 positions offered through the Main Residency Match and the American Osteopathic Association (AOA®) Match. The report provides valuable information about the availability of first-year GME training positions, especially when compared to the number of students seeking those positions, said NRMP Executive Director Mona M. Signer. For the past 12 years, there have been more PGY-1 residency positions in the Match than U.S. allopathic and osteopathic students graduating from medical school. Its important to note, however, that the analysis does not address the projected shortfall in the number of residency positions needed to train primary care physicians and specialists to support future population growth, aging baby boomers, and the need to replace retiring physicians.
NRMP analysis of Main Residency Match data revealed that each year 93 95 percent of participating U.S. allopathic seniors and 69 75 percent of participating U.S. osteopathic students/graduates obtained PGY-1 positions. Osteopathic students and graduates also participate in the AOA Match, where position fill rates have been 50 70 percent over the reporting period. Combining data from the NRMP and AOA Matches, more than 27,000 applicants obtained PGY-1 training positions in 2013, and more than 21,000 of those applicants were senior students and prior-year graduates of US allopathic and osteopathic medical schools.
"First-Year Graduate Medical Education in the United States: 2002-2013" combines NRMP Main Residency Match data with publicly-available information from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC®), the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM®), and the American Osteopathic Association.
The NRMP Match
The Match uses a computerized mathematical algorithm to align the preferences of applicants with the preferences of residency program directors in order to fill training positions available at U.S. teaching hospitals. Research on the NRMP algorithm was a basis for awarding The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 2012.
The National Resident Matching Program® (NRMP®) is a private, non-profit organization established in 1952 at the request of medical students to provide an orderly and fair mechanism for matching the preferences of applicants for U.S. residency positions with the preferences of residency program directors. In addition to the Main Residency Match, the NRMP conducts Matches for more than 50 subspecialties. For more information, contact NRMP at 1-866-653-NRMP (6767) or visit http://www.nrmp.org. For interviews, please email cherbert(at)nrmp(dot)org.
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